Elementary and Secondary School Mathematics

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**Why and What are OER materials?**- John Page’s Ten Fundamental Reasons for Technology in Education .
- The Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia in New Delhi recently (2013) released Quality Assurance Guidelines for Open Educational Resources: TIPS Framework Version 1.0 which provides a great deal of information on OER.
- Creative Commons.
- The Peer to Peer University ( P2Pu ) provided a link to an interesting list of definitions for terms used in educational technology .
- Dan Meyer’s A Framework For Using Digital Media In Math Instruction.
- CK-12's report on how a Minnesota school district saved money on their math textbook budget.
- Wikibooks' Integrating Technology in the Classroom.
- Wikipedia's look at Open Textbooks.
- Which of the above topics could be applied to a "paper only world"?
- We have a number of ways to receive this page, name at least 2 ?
- What is an "Open Educational Resource"(OER)?
- How are textbook materials selected for a school?
- Who is involved in the selection process?
- Are the textbooks bought or leased?
- What support comes with them?
- What is the process of changing textbooks?
- School policy on the use of textbooks?
- How are other teaching materials selected for the classroom?
**The learner's environment - a world in change.**- Learners age 5 to 11 Grades K through 6 (from Wikieducator's "Come fly with me..." pages)
- Learners age 12 to 15 Grades 7 through 9.(from Wikieducator's "Come fly with me..." pages)
- The Wikibook by Dr. N.Scagnoli and his students Blended Learning in K-12
- Sources of mathematical problems for an 11 year old ( 6th grade).
- Language development.
- Stages in adult learning
- In a hundred words or less how is technology impacting the learner?
- In a hundred words or less How do you think future technology will impact the learner?
- How does a word like "WHOLE" used outside the classroom impact what happens inside the classroom? Similarily "SOLID" "HALF DOLLAR" "QUARTER"?
- What role does language spoken before the age of 5 play in the learning of mathematics?
- In different learning communities how does the language used before formal learning impact that learning?
**The educator's environment - a world in change.**- The University of Waikato houses an interesting collection The New Zealand Digit Library which in its Crystal collection lists the different roles that are expected of a teacher . While it focuses on University Lecturers, it is not without its relevancy to other grade levels.
- In response to a learner's favorite question:"Why do I need math?". What are the educational requirements needed for different professions .
- In a hundred words or less how is technology impacting the educator?
- In a hundred words or less How do you think future technology will impact the educator?
- How does the educator build a positive attitude toward the subject matter?
- How does the educator select the materials to be used in the learning environment?
- In a world where access to information is no longer the exclusive domain of the university or research institution, how does one teach the learner to ask the right question?
- How does the educator learn to ask the right question?
**Mathematics past and present.**- A history of mathematics education
- David Klein's A Brief History of American K-12 Mathematics Education in the 20th Century
- Mathematics textbook series content and trends:
- The most frequent terms out of a list of 1000 used to study textbooks in:

Kindergarten (average age is 5) - 1st (6) - 2nd - 3rd - 4th - 5th - 6th - 7th - 8th - 9th - 10th - 11th - grade

- The most frequent terms out of a list of 1000 used to study textbooks in:
- Standards:
- Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics

- American Association for the Advancement of Science’s Nature of Mathematics option
- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Curriculum Focal Points
- International community standards The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation wiki group link

- Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for Mathematics

- What is being measured in local, state and national exams?
- Is there a problem in the understanding of standards?

**Expanding our understanding:**

**Exploring OER materials.**- Dictionaries/Glossaries:
- John Pages's Math Open Reference (Geometry reference)
- Jenny Eather's A Maths Dictionary for Kids
- Wikieducator's Math Glossary
- Classroom materials:
- What math terms would you expect to be known?
- What math terms do you expect them to learn?
- Which is the most effective way to get the terms across?
- What math terms were common in those materials?
- What math terms did you find these materials assuming the learner knew?
- Is there an effective way to get the terms across?
- Problem solving :
- A summary of George Pólya's How to Solve It
- Wikipedia's problem solving techniques.
- Supplementary materials:
- How do books update their content?
- How do OER materials update their content?
- How are change control processes different?
- Should raw data be handled the same way as interpretations of that data?
**International Math education developments.**- TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study)
- African Teacher Education OER Network by South African Institute for Distance Education (SAIDE)
- Dr Seema Agnihotri's comments on Sensitivity to Local Context
- Exploring Ethnomathematics.
- How can local language(s) impact the content used in developing math programs?
- How can the local economics impact the content used in developing math programs?
- How can local customs impact the content used in developing math programs?

Grade: | _K___ | _1___ | _2___ | _3___ | _4___ | _5___ | _6___ | _7___ | _8___ | _9___ | _10__ | _11__ |

Average Age: | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 |

AAAKnow (AAAMath) (Standard Copyright) |
A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | - | - | - |

Houghton Mifflin (Standard Copyright) |
A | A | A | A | A | A | A | - | - | - | - | - |

CK-12.org Algebra ( OER series ) |
A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | - | - | - | - |

South Africa's Siyavula CNX/OpenStax ( OER series ) |
- | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A |

CK-12 1-5th grade 20156-11th grade 2012(OER) |
- | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | T P A |

Bangladesh's series ** Site is under re-construction ** |
- | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |

Saylor Foundation ( OER series ) |
- | - | - | - | - | - | A | A | A | A | A | A |

Khan Academy ( OER series ) |
A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A | A |

** "T P A" is Trigonometry, Probability and Analysis **

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